As the phenomenon of welding spatter is very common, the use of weld spatter resistant coating is also very extensive. For general structural parts, the type of weld spatter resistant coating has little effect, as long as it can effectively prevent welding spatter from adhering to the working surface in the welding process. However, for some key products and workpieces, such as high pressure vessels, if the weld spatter resistant coating contains too many harmful elements, it may cause spot corrosion, intergranular corrosion, etc. It will cause leakage in the subsequent operation of the equipment and lead to malignant accidents.
The selection of weld spatter resistant coating also needs to be combined with the whole production process and process method. The process flow and process method mainly depend on the part after welding. At present, the technological process of structural parts is mainly divided into two categories: one is post-processing painting, the other is post-coating processing. If it is painting after processing, it must be cleaned before painting in order to remove rust and spray paint because cutting fluid will be used in the process of mechanical processing.
The type of weld spatter resistant coating used in welding of the structure parts of the processed coatings has little effect. Even if oil-based weld spatter resistant coating is used, it can be completely removed by the cleaning process before painting, and the quality of the spray paint will not be affected. If the coating is processed or not processed, the use of oil-based weld spatter resistant coating will bring some problems. Direct shot blasting treatment of structural parts can remove surface rust. But it is difficult to remove oil-based weld spatter resistant coating
coated on the weld seam of the workpiece. It will adsorb on the surface of the pellet, which causes pollution on the surface of some workpieces with oil stain, seriously affecting the adhesion of the paint film. In order to prevent the influence of oil-based anti-splash coating on subsequent painting, it is necessary to increase the cleaning process and carry out the necessary cleaning of the workpiece. Increasing the cleaning will bring a series of problems, such as production area shortage, cost increase, sewage discharge and so on. Therefore, for the workpieces processed or unprocessed after painting, oil-free weld spatter resistant coating should be selected during welding, and water-borne or powder weld spatter resistant coating should be used.